The Application Of WIN-VC Vector Control Inverter In The Stainless Steel Grinding Machine


The Application of WIN-VC Vector Control Inverter in the Stainless Steel Grinding Machine


This essay mainly presents the tension control principle of WIN-VC vector control inverter applied to the stainless steel grinding machine. Trial run shows WIN-VC vector control inverter manufactured by Shenzhen Winner S&T Co can achieve as prominent performance and reliability as imported ones of its kind, but price is pretty lower. WIN-VC vector control inverter is applicable to various industries like paper making, textile, leather, printing, wire drawing, fibre, rubber, cable, etc.


WIN-VC inverter, tension control, PG vector

1 Prolegomena:

As rapid development of China’s economy and urbanization, stainless steel is widely used in the fields of auto, construction, household appliance and environmental protection due to its merits of portability, environment- friendliness. It can be said that China’s urbanization builds on the expansion of stainless steel. Especially in recent several years, China’s stainless steel industry has become more and more flourishing. However, a long way still lies ahead for China to improve the production capacity of its stainless steel industry and enhance product quality and competitiveness. The WIN-VC vector control inverter, with a mass of upgraded functions, has successfully achieved high performance and reliability based on prominent software and hardware. Field operation indicates WIN-VC vector control inverter is pretty suitable to the stainless steel industry, with excellent performance that can challenge foreign ones.

II Tension control:

a) In the process of stainless steel, grinding and laundering techniques play a decisive role to the quality of the product. The former system consists of the unwinding machine and winding machine driven by a 5.5kW motor respectively, and the press roller and grinding belt driven by a 2.2kW motor respectively, The synchronous controller determines the speed of the four dynamic points by sending 0~10V signals to the inverter.

However, the said system has several weaknesses as follows:

  • l The four driving points cannot run synchronously at the same line speed due to inconsistent force given to each dynamic point
  • l The unwinding machine is driven by a common inverter, which is more inclined to cause V1 into OU fault.
  • l The motors of the press roll and grinding are vulnerable to offline at low speed, which will reduce product quality
  • l The winding machine frequently comes across overload and stall fault, and the steel belt is vulnerable to distortion due to too large tension
  • l Inconvenient to operate, easy to cause bodily injury

b) Introduction of WIN-VC vector control inverter:

In order to avoid the said weaknesses, V1, V2, V3 and V4 must be the same. WIN-VB and WIN-VC vector control inverter can solve the problem. Main features of WIN-VC vector control inverter:

  • u This series inverter is pretty applicable to the large inertia and potential load with strict requirements in accuracy, response time and torque.
  • u Owns massive advanced functions, including energy saving control, speed control, slip compensation, torque compensation, moment control, servo control, motor-autotuning and parameter copy.
  • u Four control modes for option: V/F control, V/F control with PG, magnetic flux vector control, and magnetic flux vector control with PG.
  • u High starting torque at low speed: in the mode of closed-loop control, the series inverter can realize 150% rated torque at the zero speed.
  • u Speed control width can reach 11000
  • u Output frequency accuracy is within ±0.01%and speed control accuracy is within ±0.02%
  • u Multifunction input/output terminals, multifunction analog input/output function and serial communication function make operation more convenient.
  • u Perfect parameter online monitoring function, fault analysis function, protection and alarm function guarantee reliability of the inverter.

Main features of WIN-VB vector control inverter:

  • u The series inverter adopts SPWM technology and sensorless vector control mode, applicable to open-loop universal machines.
  • u Automatic torque boost function can provide high start torque; automatic slip compensation and motor autotuning functions guarantee the inverter running with high accuracy.
  • u stable operation
  • u Multiple control modes fulfill online parameter monitoring and regulating.
  • u Parameter copy function effectively secures the debugging time.
  • u Built-in PID regulator brings convenient automatic control.
  • u Pulse input given can realize closed-loop control, with better control accuracy and shorter response time.
  • u Built-in energy saving operation function can enhance effectively the motor’s power factor and efficiency.
  • u Massive functions for option, like PLC timing, pulse output, and multifunction terminal output, etc.
  • u Built-in RS-485MODBUScommunication portin addition to optional PROFIBUS communication card, can satisfy various requirement of users.

c) Tension control:

The so-called tension control is to control the motor’s output torque through controlling its output force moment. WIN-VC vector control inverter can realize three tension control modes:

1. Closed-loop control (speed mode): Through real-time computation of the material’s linear speed and roll diameter detected by PLC, to realize PID closed-loop control between the tension signal fed back by the tension detection device and the tension setting, and adjust the output frequency of the inverter

2. Open-loop control (torque mode): A rotary encoder need be added when the inverter works in the closed-loop mode. Convenient to operate; no need to install tension feedback device.

3. Closed-loop control (torque mode): On the basis of 2, to realize PID closed-loop control between the tension signal fed back by the tension detection device and the tension setting, and adjust the output torque of the inverter, so as to realize high-accurate tension control.

Here we will introduce the second control mode:

Open-loop control (torque mode):

Environmental parameter setting:



Language selection



Parameter upload/donwload


Vector control with PG

Control mode selection

Application parameter setting:


External control terminal

Frequency command selection


External control terminal

Run source selection


Deceleration to stop

Stop mode selection


Acceleration time 1

Acceleration time


Deceleration time 1

Deceleration 1


Carrier frequency

Carrier frequency selection


Speed control

Torque control selection


Speed limit selection

Set by D5-04 speed limit


Optional V/F curve

Torque curve selection


PG pulse no.

Setting of pulse no.


B phase

PG rotational direction


speed/torque switch

Set by the terminal 5


Inching forward

Set by the terminal 7


Inching reverse

Set by the terminal 8


0-10V speed command

Set by the terminal 13


Torque limitation

Set by the terminal 16


Torque command

Set by the terminal 14


Forward torque limitation

Limit setting


reaction torque limitation

Limit setting

Before trial run, make sure the parameters of the four moving points have been set properly, and verify all the protection functions have been enabled, and the upper/lower bounds of the speed and the torque have been set correctly. Moreover, please pay attention to the following:

1) All the moving points should go through the non-load test

2) In the process of trial run, please modulate the parameters, like torque compensation, torque boost, ASR parameter, etc, so as to make sure all the moving points have the same speed.

III Conclusion:

WIN-VC vector control inverters can help the users realize precise tension control in the unwinding and winding processes. And the new system is more convenient, more secure and more reliable. In addition, this system can help boost the users’ production capacity and enhance product competitiveness